Mechanisms to regain Iraq's national sovereignty
An editorial in the newspaper of the Iraqi Communist Party at the end of May came out strongly on the question of sovereignty for Iraq on June 30 when the occupying powers are scheduled to hand over power to an Iraqi interim government. "We look forward to June 30 as a decisive date for transferring power to the Iraqi people and restoring full sovereignty", says the newspaper. "What is beyond doubt is the fact that Iraqi sovereignty has been blurred, violated and usurped due to the policies of the deposed regime and also many UN resolutions. "It is thus important to emphasise the regaining of sovereignty, ending dual authority and endeavouring to end the occupation." Sovereignty generally means possessing full state power in governing the country, running its affairs and controlling its destiny, as well as freedom in political planning and decision- making to serve the interests of the country and its people. This would be embodied in the proper transfer of authority from the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) to the Iraqi Government. The editorial calls for specifics powers to be implemented: * The transfer to Iraqi ministries of full authority to run their own affairs, and draw up policies, plans and specific programs for each ministry. This is to be carried out in collaboration with various sectors at all levels to ensure the provision of basic services to all citizens, the reinvigoration of economic activity and establishing the necessary priorities. * Full control by the Iraqi Government over all elements of the Armed Forces and internal security organs, as well as measures to transfer responsibility for security to the Iraqis and relevant bodies which need to be promptly and effectively formed, trained and equipped in order to carry out their tasks fully. * Enable the Iraqi Government to control all of Iraq's financial resources public property and land. The Iraqi Government to freely exercise this right fully in the service of the Iraqi people. * The importance and necessity of upholding the tenets of the Transitional Administrative Law for the Iraqi State insofar as they pertain to the long-term agreements and decrees issued by the CPA. "We think that these constitute the guidelines for the Iraqi team negotiating with the UN, before and during preparations and dialogue about a new UN resolution to replace UNSCR 1483 and 1511. "They should also form the guidelines for discussions and negotiations with the Coalition Provisional Authority, which will hand over all its authorities to the interim national Iraqi Government on June 30." The editorial concluded, "As efforts intensify to draw [up] Iraq's future, implement the timetable stipulated by the Administrative Law for the Iraqi State and transfer power and national sovereignty, the Iraqi people and all their patriotic forces inside and outside the Governing Council are called upon to seriously and effectively participate, through various means, in formulating the new directions and future orientation of our country, to achieve sovereignty and independence, end the occupation and build a unified democratic, federal, Iraq".