Iraq CP strengthens resolve for sovereignty
The Iraqi Communist Party has welcomed the UN Security Council resolution adopted on June 8 as a step towards an independent, unified democratic pluralistic federal Iraq. An editorial in the weekly newspaper of the Party says that the resolution "consolidated the steps taken on the path to end the occupation and regain full sovereignty". We reproduce the editorial in full for the information of readers: Following weeks of lengthy negotiations and the introduction of four amendments on the initial US-UK draft, the UN Security Council adopted a new resolution (UNSCR 1546) on June 8, a week after the Interim Iraqi Government had been formed. This resolution consolidated the steps taken on the path to end the occupation and regain full sovereignty, and also gave a boost to the current political process in the country by endorsing the formation of the Interim Government that will assume full responsibility and power on June 30. Significantly, the resolution welcomed the commitment by the Interim Iraqi Government to work for building a unified democratic pluralistic federal Iraq, ensuring full respect for political freedoms and human rights. The resolution also emphasised the right of the Iraqi people to freely decide their political future, exercise full power and control their financial and natural resources. Shortcoming In an obvious shortcoming, the resolution failed to specifically refer to the Transitional Administrative Law of the Iraqi State. However, it endorsed the timetable proposed for the peaceful political transfer of power and emphasised the holding of free direct democratic general elections on December 31, 2004, or not later than January 31, 2005, for an transitional national assembly that will draft a permanent constitution paving the way for the formation of an elected constitutional government by December 31, 2005. The resolution dealt with the security issue and the status of the multinational forces. While welcoming the efforts to build the Iraqi armed forces and the role they would play, enabling them ultimately to assume full responsibility, subject completely to the relevant Iraqi ministers, it renewed the mandate given to the multinational forces in accordance with UNSCR 1511. This mandate is to be reviewed when the Iraqi Government so requests, or 12 months after the adoption of the resolution. But it will be terminated, in any case, by the end of the political process, or before that at the request of the Iraqi Government. The relationship between the Iraqi Government and the multinational forces was determined according to the letters of the Iraqi Prime Minister and the US Secretary of State which were issued as appendix to the resolution. Oil Furthermore, the resolution granted the Iraqis full control over the arrangements pertaining to the deposit of revenues of exporting oil, products of oil and natural gas, whereby the "International Advisory and Monitoring Board" is to continue to monitor the work of the Iraqi Development Fund after including a representative of the Iraqi Government as a member with voting power. The Iraqi Government will also play the main role in the co-ordination of international aid to Iraq. Unlike the two previous resolutions 1483 and 1511, the present resolution gave the UN a bigger and fundamental role in the current political process. This role will continue until the election process is completed. The Iraqi side was present in the deliberations at the Security Council during the preparation of the resolution, through the delegation of Iraqi foreign ministry. However, had there been a better chance for consultation and co-ordination, and sufficient time, there would have certainly been an extensive Iraqi consideration of the draft resolution based on the will of the Iraqi people and their patriotic forces to fully end the occupation, in all its manifestations, and regaining sovereignty as envisaged by the Transitional Administrative Law and the statement issued by the Iraqi Governing Council on May 25 about the concept of sovereignty. Government responsibilities A careful scrutiny of the resolution would show that the Iraqi Government has become responsible for several things, with the implementation depending on its attitude and the policies it draws up. This includes matters such as the role of the multinational forces and the time limit of their presence, and the attitude towards the International Board supervising the Iraqi Development Fund, as well as the UN role as subsequently requested by the Iraqi Government. On the other hand, several of the afore-mentioned points will depend on the success of the current political process and its culmination inachieving a permanent constitution and forming an elected government on its basis. Thus, a lot depends on the work of the government, its performance, and the extent to which the policies it draws up coincide with the aspirations and will of our people. This also requires exercising oversight by the masses and their organisations, and exerting efforts to ensure that. The content of the resolution offers much promise for the future of Iraq, as well as support for the political process and the formation of the Iraqi Government. However, it is still below our aspiration for more transparency and clarity in some of its clauses, especially regarding the role of multinational forces in relation to the issue of security in the broader comprehensive sense, as well as the need from now for a concrete government role in the administration of the Iraqi Development Fund and to determine the directions of expenditure in accordance with our people's priorities and needs. We have to say that what matters here is not only a generally good resolution, but also the effort to implement it and the commitment of all sides to abide by its content. This will depend to a great degree on the performance of the Iraqi Government and its endeavour to be a worthy representative of the Iraqis, reflecting their present aspirations and wishes, and preparing the conditions for achieving the timetable of the political process. We have to stress the role of the masses, their organisations and the patriotic parties in helping to provide these conditions and ensuring the success of the political process. To realize this will ensure the future Iraq we want, the free independent and peaceful Iraq, the unified democratic federal Iraq.